Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University

Thesis paper


VARIETAL SCREENING AND MANAGEMENT OF UFRA DISEASE OF RICE
 
N° Catalog: SAU200601_140
University: SAU
Department: Plant Pathology
Year: 2006
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ABSTRACT

A total of 52 rice entries were tested, 4 entries, namely FUKUHONAMI,
MATSUHONAMI, AKIYU TAKA, HAYAKIKARI and showed highly
resistance (HR) reactions to ufra, 9 entries viz. IR30, AOKAZI,
KOSHINISHINI, KINONISHIKI, AKJNISHIKI, SHINANOKOGANE,
HUNENWASE, RAYEDA4849 and RAYEDA4851 showed resistant (R)
reactions, 30 showed intermediate or moderate resistance (IR/MR) reactions
and 9 showed susceptible (S) reactions to ufra. The entries belonging to the HR
and R groups had a low number of infested tillers with or without symptoms.
Effectiveness of Furadan 5G in soil was evaluated against ufra disease of rice
at different intervals of application. The ufra infestation was lower and the
number of healthy panicle was higher at the application of Furadan 5G just at
transplanting. The infestation was significantly reduced at the application of
Furadan 5G upto 20 days before transplanting. The length of effectiveness of
Furadan 5G in soil was 20 days approximately. Therefore, in controlling ufra
and increase yield, Furadan 5G @ 1kg ai/ha should be incorporate into the soil
at transplanting. Three granular nematicides namely Cemifuran 5G, Edfuran
5G and Brifar 5G @1kg ai/ha were evaluated against ufra disease of rice in
comparison with Furadan 5G. In T. Aman and Boro, 2005-2006, the damaged
tillers and total ufra were significantly higher in the control (diseased) plots
compared to control (healthy) or nematicidal treatments. Accordingly,
Cemifuran 5G, Edfuran 5G and Brifar 5G treated plots had 37.53-52.74%
apparently healthy panicles with 3.56-4.02 t/ha yield in T. Aman while those
nematicides had 31.66-52.98% healthy panicles with 3.37-3.59 t/ha yield in
Boro season. The obtained yields of three nematicides (3.56-4.02) were close to
control (healthy) treatment (4.48 t/ha) in T. Aman. A considerable yield
increase (3.37-4.02 t/ha) was also observed in three new nematicides over the
control (diseased) treatment in both seasons. However, the test nematicides
could be used in controlling ufra disease incidence and also increasing yield of
rice.